An iconoclastic study in which social commentator and Time essayist Ehrenreich challenges accepted notions of why human beings wage war. In her tenth book Ehrenreich ( The Worst Years of Our Lives , 1990, etc.) takes a multidisciplinary approach in her investigation of "the feelings people invest in war and often express as their motivations for fighting." She makes a thorough examination of a wide range of historical, psychological, sociological, biological, and anthropological literature to come up with her unique theory: that the accepted view that human beings engage in wars because of an innate aggressive, warlike instinctespecially in menis untrue. Instead, Ehrenreich persuasively argues that the "roots of the human attachment to war" can be found in feelings and emotions that are imprinted on all of us due to events that took place many millennia ago, when our earliest ancestors spent most of their waking hours in fear of being devoured by predators. What Ehrenreich calls humankind's "sacralization of war" (the tendency to invest the emotional trappings of religious fervor in war) stems from the evolution of humans from prey into predators, the feelings engendered in "a creature which has learned only 'recently,' in the last thousand or so generations, not to cower at every sound in the night." The human predilection for war, as Ehrenreich puts it, can be viewed "as a way of reenacting the primal transformation from prey to predator." Also key was "a global decline in the number of large animals, both `game' and predators, for humans to fight against." In making these original arguments, Ehrenreich challenges long-held theories of evolution and psychology promulgated by Darwin, Freud, and other scholars. Ehrenreich's work is convincing, at least to the general reader. Her ideas likely will be challenged by those whose theories she seeks to discredit.
You should read “Why Palestine is Still the Issue” by John Pilger, published today July 11, 2017. Then you wouldn’t say something as ignorant as “…the vitriol expressed in some of the comments here against Israel are perplexing.” Perplexing? You haven’t been paying attention which is surprising as you are commenting on one of the best news sources writing today.
Israel, the US and Saudi Arabia together are the “axis of evil” if ever there was one. I already took that trip to Israel you advise and what I found was a police state and the IDF is the most well-funded and well-trained terrorist organization in the world. The Israelis are taught from birth that they are the “chosen people;” in their summer camps as children, they are awakened to play war games. They never acknowledge Palestinians as humans. There are guns everywhere. I know people who take their families there to live and it’s a mystery to me why they want their children to be raised in such an atmosphere of privilege and hate. When I asked Israelis if they ever go to the West Band or Gaza, they looked at me with horror, of course they won’t…they’ve been taught that Palestinians want to kill them. It’s quite the other way around. I was in Ramallah when IDF soldiers skunked-bomb a grade school…little kids! I saw an Israeli soldier shoot a Palestinian and take out a knife from his own uniform and place it beside the fallen man. Two soldiers threw a little girl’s bike over a bank into the rubble because she was riding on a “Jews only” road. They told her it’s the rule. This cruelty is constant and surprisingly the Palestinians are warm, welcoming and friendly towards everyone. Such hospitality; at the same time the Israelis were cold and distant. The good Israelis are terrorized themselves if they speak of peace with the Palestinians.
The US and Israel are determined to take out any middle east country that dares to not kowtow to them and they endlessly make up “false flag” propaganda to fool the Americans….who can be easily fooled, as witnessed in all the MSM who refuse to ever interview Palestinians when discussing Israel. Odd, huh? Notice they don’t interview Putin either, only Oliver Stone did that and he was vilified and the interviews trashed by Washington Post, the NYTs and broadcast news stations, just as they continue to press “Russiagate” onto all of us without a shred of proof of any meddling.
BTW, Hamas and the PLO are not alike. PLO have over time collaborated with the Israelis; Hamas has not. Hamas when attacked in Gaza (Hamas never strikes first; the IDF does to “mow the lawn” regularly with eventually forcing out or killing all Palestinians), takes great care to not hurt any Israeli citizens and target only military, unlike the IDF who murder with impunity Palestinian citizens of all ages. Those IDF soldiers are praised in the media and are asked for their autographs.
You need to research more and deeper.