The department encourages student and faculty research that contributes to psychological knowledge in general and that is sensitive to social, cultural, and political influences and concerns. At the master's level, the department offers a program in general psychology that provides students with in-depth training in all the major fields of psychology. After students complete their master's degree , there are two doctoral programs to which they can apply through a separate application process: the PhD in Cognitive, Social, and Developmental Psychology (CSD) and the PhD in Clinical Psychology . Every attempt is made to promote an interdisciplinary approach to psychological issues and foster interaction between the CSD and Clinical Psychology programs. PhD students are free to work with faculty from either area. While in the program, master's and doctoral-level students also have the option of taking classes offered through the Concentration in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Counseling to gain additional training in working with substance use in clinical settings.