These are types of employee disciplinary issues that deserve careful consideration of what causes an employee's productivity to drop, or why an employee has become insubordinate. The cause of low productivity may be attributable to a number of reasons: lack of experience, misunderstanding job expectations, or absence of tools necessary to complete the work. In cases of low productivity, the supervisor or manager should address her concerns with the employee in a private conference. Showing concern for the employee's work record and helping resolve the problem can be a motivating factor when an employee is experiencing problems on the job. In cases involving insubordination, this too should be addressed privately and in a non-accusatory manner, where the employee can feel free to explain the reasons why she refuses to perform the job, or why she may be uncomfortable performing the duties of the job.