A District, Maryland, Virginia (“DMV”) lifer, Neil Noronha, a rising national security professional, grew up in Bowie, Maryland, completed ten years of education in Washington, . (Gonzaga College High School and Georgetown University), and has worked in Arlington, Virginia. Neil recently left Federal government service, having worked since August 2014 in the Obama Administration. From December 2015 to January 2017, Neil was the Special Assistant to the Senior Director for Response Policy on the National Security Council (NSC) staff at the White House. He oversaw the presidential approval process for declaring severe domestic incidents as major disasters or emergencies under the Robert T. Stafford Act. Additionally, he served as a duty officer within the Response Policy Directorate, working with the White House Situation Room to inform senior NSC staff and White House principals, including the President, about severe domestic incidents, their impact on local populations, and the . government response. Before joining the NSC staff, Neil was at the Department of Defense as one of its youngest political appointees hired under the Obama Administration. Under the Defense Fellows Program, Neil served as the Special Assistant to Michael Lumpkin, the former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/Low-Intensity Conflict, where he was Mr. Lumpkin’s principal speechwriter and handled special projects related to counterterrorism, humanitarian affairs, and counternarcotics. Additionally, Neil was an Action Officer within the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence, where he covered issues related to defense cover and human intelligence activities. Obtaining his Bachelors of Science in Foreign Service and recently his Masters of Arts in Security Studies, both from the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, Neil interned at various Federal agencies and departments, a think tank, and a financial services company. He is passionate about solving transnational threats, such as terrorism, organized crime, climate change, and natural disasters, through economic policy and instruments. Neil is an avid basketball and football fan, consistently rooting for the Baltimore Ravens and Georgetown Hoyas.
As an academic subject, industrial relations tends to be taught either as a subject within management (what one might call "the business school model") or as a separate subject within an institute or school devoted primarily to industrial relations or industrial relations and human resources. After World War II, when unions were still in ascension and had already established themselves as a major power in the . political economy, many of the more industrialized states established or expanded specialized institutes or schools for industrial relations at their major universities. Typically, a major force for this movement was the state's organized labor movement (unions and employee associations), arguing that just as business schools at public universities served the needs of industry, schools were needed to serve the needs of workers. The political compromises struck in state legislatures generally produced a more neutral institution with an emphasis on studying how to maintain and promote industrial peace as well as training students in industrial relations to be employed by industry, government, and labor organizations. In addition to research and more traditional academic degree programs, these institutions often included a "labor education" or "labor studies" component aimed clearly at the needs of organized workers and their organizations. Examples of these institutions include the Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations at the University of Illinois, the School of Labor and Industrial Relations at Michigan State University, the Industrial Relations Research Institute at the University of Wisconsin, and the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University. Similar programs were established or expanded in many other states in the Great Lakes region, the Northeast, and on the West Coast. These programs tend to stress graduate and professional level education, although some offer undergraduate courses and degrees.